Lumbini, which means "the lovely" in Sanskrit, is a buddhist pilgrimage village in the nepali district of Rupandehi. Lumbini is the place, where in 623 BC - regarding to buddhist tradition and history - Queen Mayadevi was giving birth to her son Siddhartha Gautama. Gautama reached Nirvana and became after his enlightenment Gautama Buddha, and furthermore the founder of Buddhism.

Lumbini has many tempels amongst which the well-known tempel Mayadevi can be found, as well as an uncountable number of monuments, monastries and museums, for example the Lumbini International Research Institute. Also found in Lumbini is the holy pond Puskarini, where Buddha's mother took her ritual bath right before the delivery, and in which also Buddha took his first bath.

Lumbini became an UNESCO world heritage site in 1997.